The Different Types of Roofing

Without a roof, there would be no shelter. I mean, how would you protect yourself from the elements (sun, rain, wind, snow, hailstorm…), animals or people? Simply put, it would be un-inhabitable. Nonetheless, did you know that many people can’t clearly define the different types of roofing? Actually, many have never really thought about the roof and how different it is from others. Without further ado, how about we look at the types of roofs?

Flat Roofing

As the name suggests, this roofing is fairly flat and has a very small inclination. In most cases, you won’t be able to see the surface unless you are at a level higher than the roof. The roof can be the bituminous type that consists of pouring bitumen on the concrete surface, using bitumen felt, or fitting tiles on a truss. It’s among the popular types and is loved for its simplicity, easy installation, and is also quite affordable. This is attributed to the minimal materials required and also doesn’t need a large truss to support it. However, it’s more susceptible to leaks since water flows at a much slower rate. It can be made more waterproof by incorporating cold-pour resins or bituminous felt.

Pitched Roof

Also known as a sloped roof, the pitched roof is undoubtedly the most common. It has been around for many centuries and is symbolised by its sloping nature. The roof falls under either high or low-pitch roof. The earlier type has a pitch/inclination angle of more than 20 degrees. As a matter of fact, there are types that have a 70-degree sloping angle. Low-pitch roof may look flat from a distance and the angle of pitch is usually between 10 and 20 degrees. The higher the pitch the easier it is for water, snow, ice, dust and other debris to slide off. However, it also requires more material than low-pitch roofing.

Gable Roof

The gable roof is a kind of pitched roof and comes with two sides connected via the ridge. It slopes inwards on the long sides and consists of two flats. The sidewall will feature a gable whose top section is a triangular shape. From the side angle, the only visible part of the roof will be the fascias. It’s a popular choice for homes, offices, factories, institutions and other areas because of its simplicity and structural integrity. However, some people claim it looks a bit plain due to the gables or sidewalls.

Roofing Service in Bristol 01772 900264

Gambrel Roof

Unlike the normal sloping or pitched roof that comes with two sides/surfaces, the gambrel roof comes with four sides/surfaces. Each side has two parts, the first one next to the ridge slopes gentle while the next section has a higher pitch. It features vertical gable ends and part of the roof will almost flush with the façade. Due to its design, there is a lot of space that is created inside the roofing structure or truss. People love this design because of its classic appeal and extra space. Nonetheless, it’s a complicated kind of roof and requires lots of skill and materials.

Mansard Roof

Also referred to as the French roof, the mansard roof is very similar to the gambrel roof. It features four surfaces, two on each side, with the section next to the ridge sloping gently and the section next to the fascias sloping more sharply. However, it will include Windows and possibly an attic or loft within the truss. It gained popularity in the 1600s during the French Renaissance and can be seen in homes, apartment buildings, small businesses, hotels, restaurants and many other situations in the UK, Europe, and other regions.

Hip Roof

The hip roof first starts like a gable roof. However, it doesn’t have a gable or the side wall. Instead, the roof also extends to this side. The flank or sidewall are replaced by a roof section giving it four flats instead of the usual two found in the gable roofing. Nonetheless, it will still feature a ridge. While it may bring up a different appeal, constructing a hip roof is more challenging than the gable roof.

Green Roof

Green roofs will help lower the heat through the roof and this helps massively to lower air conditioning costs. In return, this will reduce cost in energy and provide more effective shade than internal insulation. The green roof will be able to protect the buildings from direct solar heat, minimize health loss, and reduce the effects of greenhouse gas emissions.


There you go – some of the roofing types you will find in the market. Each type will feature its unique specifications, features, advantages and disadvantages. What may be your preferred option may not be somebody else’s cup of tea. The cost, structural integrity, value addition, and reliability also vary from roof to roof. This is why it’s crucial to engage a reputable, experienced, and established roofer. You can learn more about the different types of roofing by visiting 


picture of roofers bristol UK logo and roofing contractor company in bristol

Roofer Bristol is one of the leading roofing companies in Bristol and beyond. We offer a wide array of services and will help you find your desired roof whether modern or classic type. Since our establishment more than 20 years ago, our goal has and still is to deliver top notch products and exceptional customer service. We work with leading companies and depend on qualified, competent, dedicated, and certified contractors. Our company is also recognised and accredited by well-known associations. We are open from Monday to Saturday from 8.30 am to 6.00 pm. You can also give us a call on 01772 900264 or on email via Talk to us, and make your dreams come true.

Roofers Bristol UK
Suite 536
179 Whiteladies Road
01172 900264